area of 72156 Square Kilometers, the province of YAZD
is located in the center of Iran.According to the
administrative division rules, it is divided into 7
districts, each include at least one town and a number
of villages, all located in a particular area. These
districts are: Abarkooh, Ardaakan, Bafq, Maybud,
Mehreez, Taft and Yazd.
The population of the province of Yazd in 1996 was
750769 from which 75.15% were registered to be urban
dweler and the remaining 24.85% were villegers. The
city of Yazd is the administrative center (provincial
capital), the largest town, regarding area and the
most inhabited town in the province.
Geographically, the province total area is a part of
the central mountainous area of the country which is
significant for its including different mountains,
hills, plains and significantly the central desert of
Iran. There are two mountain chains in the province,
the first crosses the province from north-west towards
south-east, which crosses the center of Iran, and it
is knows as the central mountain chain. The second
chain is that crosses the center as well as the
northern and the north - eastern parts of the
province. The Sheerkooh chain which forms a high wall
and which separates the central area from the western
part of the province, is usually cold with peaks full
of sonw. The snow of this chain supplies water-need of
Yazd city and the towns Taft and Mihreezd.
The province of Yazd is significantly dray for two
main reasons, the first is its location on the arid
belt of the world, and second, it is very far from the
Oman Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Iranian lakes and wet
winds. Although the province is significantly dry with
hot deserts, it is suitable for living mainly because
it is surrounded by high mountains, so areas within
the province with more than 2500 meter altitude enjoy
moderate weather. However, the temperature average in
the province is 18.9 C degree, while the absolute high
is recorded in July at 43C degree and the absolut low
in January at -7.2 C, Except Sheerkooh mountainous
area, other areas of the province are generally hot
and dry, and the temperature becomes drier and hotter
towards the east and the north east and the north east
of the province.
The province of yazd was a valuable part of the
Iranian great civilization and it hosts ramarkable
elements of the world cultural and historical
heritage. Human settlemnts of the province have
history goes beyond the 30th century BC. During the
Peeshdadian period, tribes who travel from Balkh to
Pars, named the teretoryof Yazd "Sarzameen Yazdan"
which means (the God teretory), and since then it has
been the main pray place for the Zoratosts and it has
been called by the name of "Yazd". The main important
and initial settlements of the province were "
Mihrpadeen" which is known now as Mihreez, "Fahrashan"
or "Pahreh", which is called Fahraj, "Khormeeh", "Ader"
now Ardakan, " Shevaz", "Qelaa Mobadan" now Maibod, "Taranj",
"Aqda" and "Ashkezar".
the city of Yazd was known for the Zoratosts a fethful
and holly place and the most important in the
Contrasted with other provinces of Iran. the province
of Yaza lacks green places because of its location in
the arid zone, but it should not be seen as a place
without any natural tourism attraction. Beautiful
green vallies, wonderful country sides, marvious
springs, pleasand peaks and hill sides, caves,
protected wild life fields and more importantly the
wonderful desert views of the province are very
attractive and tourists as well as the native people
enjoy these places. Cultural attractions of the
province are remarkable. The rich legacy of the
people’s culture shows nice and old traditions of the
Zerostians as well as the now Muslims which consist
together a marvilous tourism attraction. The native
zerostians of the province hold their traditional
ceremonies in different occasions every year, and
observing them doing so, is attractive for tourists
from different cultures. The native Zerostians of the
province still speaks their old language and practive
all their traditional ceremonies in that language.
Many of their traditional ceremonies in that language.
Many of their ceremonies are held every month, but the
traditional persian New Year, the "Sadeh" and the
Birthday of Zorotoust ceremonies are held annually.
The most tourism characteristics of cities, towns and
villages of the province are as following: