Western Azarbayjan


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Western Azarbayjan

Geography And Weather

With an area of 43,660 square kilometers, including Orumyeh lake,the province of West Azarbayjan is located on the north-west of Iran. It include 12 townships: Boukan, Khoy, Makoo, Mahabad, Meyandoab, Naghadeh, Pyranshahr, Salmas, Sardasht, Shahindej, Takab, and Oromyeh.
In 1996 the population of the province was 2,496,320, of which 52.68% were urban inhabitant, 47.31% were living in rural areas and the remaining were nomads.
West Azarbayjan province is one of the mountainous areas with divers and vast topography. There is a long range of high mountains on the western part of the province which forms the international border with Iraq and Turkey. This lofty snow-clad mountain range extends from the exterme northern part of the province southward.Consequently, melted snow create many water streams which flow through many valleys affording a good landscape. These rivers terminate to 3 major basins i.e. Orumieh lake, the great fault of Khoy and Rood Kaloy valley which are the lowest lands of the province.
The climate of the province is mainly influenced by the rain winds of the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean. But in certain months of winter, northern cold winds affect the province and cause a lot of snow with a very cold weather.
According to exiting meteorological data, temperature varies from an area to another in the province. Average temperature differs form 9.4( C in Makou to 11.6( C in Mahabad. While it is 9.8( C in Orumyeh and 10.8( C in Khoy, Makou 9.4( C, and in Mahabad 11.6(C. According to same dada, The highest temperature in the province reaches 34 ( C in july, and the lowest temperature is - 16( C in january. Maximum change of temperature in summer is 4( C and in winter 15( C.
West- Azarbayjan province, encompassing vast and fertile plains, high mountains, enjoying moderate and healthy weather, rivers with high volume of water, vineyards, orchads, luxuriant forest and rangelands, mountain outskirt with wonderful flora, magnificent wildlife and beautiful shoers around the lake with differnt recretional facikities, which all together form one of the most beautiful and spectacular region in Iran. A land with wonderful flora during the spring and the summer covered with tulip, poppy, narcissus and hyacinth extending from Arass rivers banks in the north to Zab Kouchak valley in the south. Westlands, marches coasts and island of the lake are habits of divers species of endemic and migratory birds as well as the rivers are habitat of different aquatic species.
the long snowy winters provide remarkable opportunities for skiing on the wonderful sky sites which are well equipped with necessary facilities. the high mountains along with pleasant weather are amongst the attraction of the province in summer.
The beautiful shores of the Orumyeh lake and its clear and blue water , with 140 km. lenght, provide remarkable attractions for tourists in the summer especially those intersted in swimming, water therapy and water sports as well as boating . Orumyeh lake, due to its high salinity containing different minerals, is one of the best place in the world for water therpay. Those suffering from rheumatism and diseases come here to use curative water, sands and sludge of the lake. Moreever , There are tens of hot water springs with curative properties in different parts of the province

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