Geography and History of the
with an area of
175,069 square kilometers, Kerman is one of the largest province of
Iran, and it includes 11% of the total area of the country. It is
located on the south-east part of Iran and its main cities and towns
are: Kerman ( the provincial capital ), Bam, Baft, Bardseer, Giroft,
Kahnooj, Shahr-e-Babak, Syrjan, Rafsanjan and Zarand.
According to the 1996 census, the population of the province was
2,004,000 which from 52.9% were urban dwellers 46% villagers and the
remaining 1.1% were registered as nomad tribes. Urbanization rate
was recorded in the county of Kerman as the highest in the Province
with 79.9%, because of the city of Kerman itself which is the most
developed and the largest in the province.
The mountainous area of the Province ia a part of the central
mountains of the country and they are formed by some old volcanic
highlands which starts from Azarbaijan, on the north-west of the
country and sends in Balouchestan. Between mountain chains of the
region there are many plains. Bashagerd and Koohbanan mountains are
the highest in the region, while there are some famous peaks such as
Toghrol, Aljerd, Syrach, Abareq and Tahrood. There are some others
peaks located on the northern part of the province e.g. Medvar,
Shahre-Babak, Koohpange, Cheheltan, Lalezaar and Hezarbahr Aseman.
The climate of the province is varying because of the extreme
Geographical diversity of the region. On the north, north-west and
central parts of the province it is dry and moderate, while the
weather in the south and the south-east is very hot and relatively
humid. In the center of the province where the city of Kerman is
located, the weather is arid and semi-moderate, and the average
temperature is 39.6 C, and the lowest was recorded at -7 C. the
temperature average of the province during the spring ( from april
till june), has been recorded to be between 20 - 25 C. There for
Spring is the Best season to travel to the province and to enjoy
visiting its many historical and natural sites. Natural attraction
of the province of Kerman is significant for its varieties. Mineral
springs provide beautiful natural views, and there are many
beautiful places worth to see. Many green spaces, marvelous peaks,
natural lakes and pools and many protected fields alongside the
beautiful desert sites can be identified as the natural beauties and
tourism attraction of the province. A brief glance at the tourism
sector of the province will be enough to demonstrate the natural and
historical tourism potentials of Kerman.
The history of the people of this province goes to 4000 BC, which
turns the region into a historical site as a whole. During its long
history, a valuable collection of historical and cultural heritage
have been gathered there, which constitutes a valuable part of the
Persian Civilization and deserves attention of tourists. Every
historical space in today Kerman reveals, their local government and
structure of local communities.
Historical, and tourism attraction of the province’s cities and
towns are reviewed bellow:
Located in a large
and flat plain, This city is located 1076 kilometers far from Tehran,
the national capital of Iran. It has been a historical town and it
is the provincial capital now. The district of Kerman is surrounded
by a mountain chain which causes the variety of its weather, so the
northern part of the city is located in an arid desert area, while
the highland of the southern part of the city enjoys a moderate
climate. This had caused the agglomeration of population and
activities in the cities, towns and villages of the area.
There are many evidence which prove that this city has had long
history. It was mentioned by the Greeks by the name " Karamani ". It
was built for the first time by an order from ardesheer, founding
father of the Sassanid Empire and for this reason it was called "
Ardasheer Khoreh ". The Muslim Arabs called this place " Bardeseer "
or " Bardesheer " and the Iranian used to call it " Guasheer " .The
most important historical and tourism sites of Kerman are as
Mineral Spring and hot water sites of Areen, Qalaa Askar
Tah-Khatoon, Gherghereh, Abraq,
Boujan, Reza-Abad, Pachenar, Beesheh, Ekhteyar Abad, Houze-nou,
Baghra and Houzeabad.
Countryside of Mahan, Jopar, Raien, Koohpayeh and other places.
Historical and Cultural complex of Ganj Ali Khan including water
storage, public bath and teahouse(cafe).
Caravansaries of Chaharsouq ( 4 bazaars), Wakeel Mirza Alinaqi,
Lahafdoozhan, Haj Mehdi,
Hinoha and Haj Aqa Ali.
Old school of Ganj Ali Khan, Hayati and Ibrahim Khan.
Tombs of Shaykh Nematollah Waly, Khoajeh Atabak, Shahzadeh Hussain
Bazaars of Ark Square, Wakeel Complex, Ganj Ali Khan, Muzaffary and
Domes of Jabaleyeh, Sabz and Mushtaqeyeh.
Old Quarters such as Darvazeh Wakeel, Naseri and Darvazeh Gubri.
Shahzadeh Garden in Mahan and its mall.
Jami mosque and 40 columns mosque o f Kerman.
Zarrabkhaneh and anthropology Museums.
Surrounding Natural views and Pistachio farms.
geographical, natural and weather variation of the province of Kerman
has caused the variation of wild life in the province. Different
plant and animal variation can be seen in different desert and
mountainous parts of the province. For this reason, Many natural
regions are put under conservation by the Environment conservation
Department of the country and its branch to the province in which
hunting is forbidden. The most important conserved wild areas in the
province are " Khabar " and " Azroeieh " in Baft district. In this
area, can find different kinds of birds such as patridge,a special
kind of black breast bird, as well as different kinds of birds of
pray such as hawk and falcon, and wild pigeon. various kinds of wild
animals live in different warm and cold areas of the province, Among
Them one can point to tiger, Panther , Wolf, Fox, Black bear,
Raynard , Hyena, Rabbit and different kinds of snakes as well as
wild goat, ewe, ram, header and Iranian Zebra.
Staying in the Province
all cites and towns
of the province are connected to each other by a modern transport
system including roads as well as rail road. The national railroad
system trespasses this province to connect the city of Kerman to the
national capital Tehran as well as other important cities such as
Esfahan and the Largest port on the Persian gulf, Bandar Abbas. In
addition, airport of Kerman, Syrjan and Giroft are well facilitated
for navigating passengers as well as goods.
Furthermore, all cities and towns of the province are well
facilitated with different infrastructure networks such as energy
supplying networks ,telecommunication networks, as well as health
centers, hospital, hotels guest houses, and tourist centers.
People of Kerman are Known as hospital, aimable, mild and
hardworking by other Iranians. These moral characteristics of Kermanis
make travel to the province much more pleasant than one may imagine