Kerman-Geography and History


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Geography and History of the Province

with an area of 175,069 square kilometers, Kerman is one of the largest province of Iran, and it includes 11% of the total area of the country. It is located on the south-east part of Iran and its main cities and towns are: Kerman ( the provincial capital ), Bam, Baft, Bardseer, Giroft, Kahnooj, Shahr-e-Babak, Syrjan, Rafsanjan and Zarand.
According to the 1996 census, the population of the province was 2,004,000 which from 52.9% were urban dwellers 46% villagers and the remaining 1.1% were registered as nomad tribes. Urbanization rate was recorded in the county of Kerman as the highest in the Province with 79.9%, because of the city of Kerman itself which is the most developed and the largest in the province.
The mountainous area of the Province ia a part of the central mountains of the country and they are formed by some old volcanic highlands which starts from Azarbaijan, on the north-west of the country and sends in Balouchestan. Between mountain chains of the region there are many plains. Bashagerd and Koohbanan mountains are the highest in the region, while there are some famous peaks such as Toghrol, Aljerd, Syrach, Abareq and Tahrood. There are some others peaks located on the northern part of the province e.g. Medvar, Shahre-Babak, Koohpange, Cheheltan, Lalezaar and Hezarbahr Aseman.
The climate of the province is varying because of the extreme Geographical diversity of the region. On the north, north-west and central parts of the province it is dry and moderate, while the weather in the south and the south-east is very hot and relatively humid. In the center of the province where the city of Kerman is located, the weather is arid and semi-moderate, and the average temperature is 39.6 C, and the lowest was recorded at -7 C. the temperature average of the province during the spring ( from april till june), has been recorded to be between 20 - 25 C. There for Spring is the Best season to travel to the province and to enjoy visiting its many historical and natural sites. Natural attraction of the province of Kerman is significant for its varieties. Mineral springs provide beautiful natural views, and there are many beautiful places worth to see. Many green spaces, marvelous peaks, natural lakes and pools and many protected fields alongside the beautiful desert sites can be identified as the natural beauties and tourism attraction of the province. A brief glance at the tourism sector of the province will be enough to demonstrate the natural and historical tourism potentials of Kerman.
The history of the people of this province goes to 4000 BC, which turns the region into a historical site as a whole. During its long history, a valuable collection of historical and cultural heritage have been gathered there, which constitutes a valuable part of the Persian Civilization and deserves attention of tourists. Every historical space in today Kerman reveals, their local government and structure of local communities.
Historical, and tourism attraction of the province’s cities and towns are reviewed bellow:



Located in a large and flat plain, This city is located 1076 kilometers far from Tehran, the national capital of Iran. It has been a historical town and it is the provincial capital now. The district of Kerman is surrounded by a mountain chain which causes the variety of its weather, so the northern part of the city is located in an arid desert area, while the highland of the southern part of the city enjoys a moderate climate. This had caused the agglomeration of population and activities in the cities, towns and villages of the area.
There are many evidence which prove that this city has had long history. It was mentioned by the Greeks by the name " Karamani ". It was built for the first time by an order from ardesheer, founding father of the Sassanid Empire and for this reason it was called " Ardasheer Khoreh ". The Muslim Arabs called this place " Bardeseer " or " Bardesheer " and the Iranian used to call it " Guasheer " .The most important historical and tourism sites of Kerman are as following:
Mineral Spring and hot water sites of Areen, Qalaa Askar Tah-Khatoon, Gherghereh, Abraq,
Boujan, Reza-Abad, Pachenar, Beesheh, Ekhteyar Abad, Houze-nou, Baghra and Houzeabad.
Countryside of Mahan, Jopar, Raien, Koohpayeh and other places.
Historical and Cultural complex of Ganj Ali Khan including water storage, public bath and teahouse(cafe).
Caravansaries of Chaharsouq ( 4 bazaars), Wakeel Mirza Alinaqi, Lahafdoozhan, Haj Mehdi,
Hinoha and Haj Aqa Ali.
Old school of Ganj Ali Khan, Hayati and Ibrahim Khan.
Tombs of Shaykh Nematollah Waly, Khoajeh Atabak, Shahzadeh Hussain Chopar and
Peerbaba Musafer.
Bazaars of Ark Square, Wakeel Complex, Ganj Ali Khan, Muzaffary and Attary.
Domes of Jabaleyeh, Sabz and Mushtaqeyeh.
Old Quarters such as Darvazeh Wakeel, Naseri and Darvazeh Gubri.
Shahzadeh Garden in Mahan and its mall.
Jami mosque and 40 columns mosque o f Kerman.
Zarrabkhaneh and anthropology Museums.
Surrounding Natural views and Pistachio farms.

Wild Life

The geographical, natural and weather variation of the province of Kerman has caused the variation of wild life in the province. Different plant and animal variation can be seen in different desert and mountainous parts of the province. For this reason, Many natural regions are put under conservation by the Environment conservation Department of the country and its branch to the province in which hunting is forbidden. The most important conserved wild areas in the province are " Khabar " and " Azroeieh " in Baft district. In this area, can find different kinds of birds such as patridge,a special kind of black breast bird, as well as different kinds of birds of pray such as hawk and falcon, and wild pigeon. various kinds of wild animals live in different warm and cold areas of the province, Among Them one can point to tiger, Panther , Wolf, Fox, Black bear, Raynard , Hyena, Rabbit and different kinds of snakes as well as wild goat, ewe, ram, header and Iranian Zebra.

Traveling and Staying in the Province

all cites and towns of the province are connected to each other by a modern transport system including roads as well as rail road. The national railroad system trespasses this province to connect the city of Kerman to the national capital Tehran as well as other important cities such as Esfahan and the Largest port on the Persian gulf, Bandar Abbas. In addition, airport of Kerman, Syrjan and Giroft are well facilitated for navigating passengers as well as goods.
Furthermore, all cities and towns of the province are well facilitated with different infrastructure networks such as energy supplying networks ,telecommunication networks, as well as health centers, hospital, hotels guest houses, and tourist centers.
People of Kerman are Known as hospital, aimable, mild and hardworking by other Iranians. These moral characteristics of Kermanis make travel to the province much more pleasant than one may imagine beforehand.

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