Fin Historic Garden


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Fin Historic Garden

Bagh-e Shah, the King's Garde(also known as the Bagh-e Tarikhi-e Fin or Bagh-e Amir Kabir) at Fin 6 km to the southwest, and perhaps the finest surviving example in Iran, creates the contrast between the Kevir region and the greenery of the well-tended oasis below the adjoining Karkass mountain. A major part of Kashan's water was supplied by the perennial source of Suleimanieh spring in the garden.
References to Fin in historical sources go back to more than 1000 years. Designed for Shah Abbas I, this classical Persian vision of paradise has always been prized for its natural springs and still contains the remains of his two-story palace set around a pool. The garden has other Safavid royal buildings, although they were substantially rebuilt, and others were added in the Qajar period. The building housing Kashan Museum was built in 1968, in harmony with the historical monuments within the Garden, covering 900 square meters, and comprising 8 vast galleries, wherein items from Iranian culture and civilization in various periods of history are displayed.

At present, the pleasant sight of water from Suleimanieh spring, ever spouting from fountainheads by the sole means of difference in elevation is one of the attractions of this complex. Flowing at an elevation of 1,060 meters above sea level, it passes through numerous paths of the Garden, reaches the Fin village, and waters orchards famous for their unparalleled figs and pomegranates. Once it operated 33 water-mills. Apart from being used for medical purposes in the past centuries and attracting the attention of many scholars and physicians, it was estimated that the daily turnover of this spring amounted to one thousand mesghals (5 kg) of pure gold.

Although Kashan was in a state of decay during the early Qajar times, the village Fin and its beautiful Garden were nevertheless one of the favorite resorts of Fath Ali Shah; in fact he was as fond of the place as any of Safavid predecessors had been. He rebuilt the palace, planted many more cypresses and bordered the stream from the spring with marble slabs. Although usually associated with ease and pleasure (such as the coronation of Safavid kings), Fin was the scene of a tragedy in 1852, when Mirza Taqi Khan known as Amir Kabir, the Grand Vizier of Nasser od.Din Shah, was murdered there. He is considered a national hero and vanguard of modern Iran. Fin can be reached by shared taxi and bus from central Kashan via Amir Kabir Street and 17th Shahrivar Square. It is open to visitors every day from 8 AM to 6 PM.

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