Geography and History
The province of Fars, with an area of 133,000 Kilometers, is located south
to the province of Esfahan. Its main cities,towns and district are: Abadeh,
Darab, Estahban, Fasa, Firooz Abad, Iqleed, Jahrum, Sapeedan, Shiraz,
Kazeroon, Lamard, Mamesani, Marvdasht and Nayreez, while the Beautiful
city of Shiraz is its Provincial capital.
In 1996, the population of the province was 3,817,000, from which 56.7%
were registered ar urban dwellers,41.0% villagers and 1.4% nomad tribes.
The mountain chains of Zagros crosses the province from the north-west
towards the south-east, and divides the province into 2 distinguishable
parts, the first is located on the north and north-west, while the second
is located on the south and the south-east of the province, and both are
mountainous highlands. The northern part start from the mounts of Samirum,
and ends south to Abadeh, in a Point called Koohe-Azamat, and its
difficult cross which is called Koly Kush. The southern Part is consisted
of highlands of Shiraz area, including Maharloo, Kharman and Toraj
Mountains Joints the Kouhkiloyeh province highlands towards Mamesani
mountains, and including Darab mountains and the Tangistan highland.
There are three distinguishable climatic region in the province, the first
, covers the northern, the western and the north-West mountainous area ,
which is significant for its cold and moderate weather, as well as its
significant green land. The second region is central, which is significant
for its moderate winter with plenty of rain, and worm and dry summer. The
third region is located on the south and the south-east of the province,
which is significantly dry and moderate in winter, and very hot in summer,
because of its lowland. It should be mentioned here that the average
(General ) of the temperature of the city of Shiraz is 16.8 C, the average
of the highest recorded at 29.2 C, while the lowest average is 4.7 C,
The Province of Fars is one of the most famous Province of the Old Persian
Empire, and modern Iran. It is located in a specious region of the oldest
human civilization of the world, and it was the capital of the Persian
Empire for many centuries. Before the Islamic Period, two commanders raised
from this region and each established a big monarch; the first, the
Achaemands by the King Syrus, and the second is the Sasanid, by the king
Ardasheer Babekan. After the Acaemands were over turned by the Alexander(
so called the Great), the Salukis were brought to power in 311 BC, and
built many cities in the Fars region. Meanwhile, local Iranian powers
established their local governments in the central part of the region, in
an area called Estakhr. Some coins remained from these local governments
which belong to the year 250 BC, contain some Iranian faces and fire
places which indicate the Iranian Zeradoust. However, the Pars region was
a part of the Salukis Empire till the Antioukhous IV Period. After the
Partians liberated the central Parts of the Salukis Empire, Pars became
independent state. For this historical marvelous background many different
historical and ancient marks and places remained to the day time in the
province. Each one of these many historical and ancient remaining has its
own values as a world-wide heritage and reflects the history of the
province and the country.
Natural views and landscape of the Province have remarkable values not
only in local, but national level too. More than 280 leisure places and
malls are registered in the province which provide remarkable and suitable
environment for leisure and recreation activities for local people as well
as international tourists.
The district of Nayreez, Estahban, Sapeedan and Kazerron provide endless
natural beauties which receive thousands of intersted people in natural
The beautiful costs of the Bakhteghan lake, the palangan Spring, Ze narrow
way, and Jazeen narrow way which are located in the district of Nayreez
provide a marvelous views of lakes, costs, and woodlands covered with
wonderful views of fruit trees and forests. Palangan strait is located on
the northern part of the Nayreez district, which is covered with beautiful
forest trees and full of springs which provide suitable leisure places for
picnic and hill walk activities.
Wild life in Bacbac area accommodates rare birds, while water falls and
woollands of Sultan Shahbaz area,Marghab strait in the district of
Estahban are of the main malls of the province.
Margoon water fall, Teezab strait, Chelle-Gaah mall, Ship-Peer and the Ski
site of Sepeedan district demonstrate wonderful views of beautiful
mountainous areas, and provide remarkable places for recreation and
relaxation activities on the north-west part of the province. A couple of
Ski sites are in this district which are suitable for skiing by thousands
of sport lovers very year.
The cultural and the art of the province consist a large part of the world
cultural and art sources. National and local culture in Fars is extremely
rich and includes different kinds of ceremonies, Poet, literature, song
and Dances. The province has hosted, for a long time different kind of
people because of its location near the Persian Gulf, and its many
resources. Different people have lived in the province such as the Aryans,
the Samis and the Turks, who worked together to form The Iranian
culture. However, the native nomad tribes such as the Qashqais, the
Mamesanis the Khamsas and the Koohkeloians, are still conserving a large
part of the native culture of the region. All these significant
characteristics form remarkable tourism attraction.
A brief mention of the historical attraction as well as the tourism
facilities of different district of the province, may help enjoying your
travel. Bellow are brief description of the main tourism characteristic
and facilities of district and towns of the province.
The city of Shiraz, the capital of Fars
province, is located 919 Kilometers south to Tehran. The district of
Shiraz enjoys a moderate weather with regular seasons. The region of
Shiraz has been specially important during its long history. It was
mentioned in many Ilamian epigraphs which were discovered in Perspolis.
The memorial tombs of the great two Persian poets, Sadi and Hafiz, are in
this city, and the memorial tomb of the other poet, Khoaju is located near
the city gate. The long history of this city has left many historical and
cultural places a long side with the natural views, to be visited by
tourists, which form the following are the most important:
Maharloo, Arjan and Rajy lakes.
Cheshmehaye ( springs) Khargan, and Tanghaye (straits) Khani, Allah-Akbar,
Herayraz and Bouan.
Baghhaye Qadimi ( Old and beautiful Persian Gardens) of Gulshan, Eram,
Delgusha, Chehel Tan, Haft Tan, Jahan Nama and Takht-o-Baghe-Sadi.
Gardeshgahaye(malls) Cheshmeh Feeli, Cheshmeh Salmani, Bar Dalak, Cheshmeh
Chah Maski, Meyan Kotal, Band (dam) Bahman and Atashkadeh ( fire place).
hParke-Milli (National Park) Bambo which is located north to Shiraz.
Abou Nasr Place and Arg (Castle) of Kareem Khan Zand.
Emarat Bagh Ilkhani ( Mongols Garden and Building), and Bagh(garden)
Nashat and Bagh Nazar.
Qala (Castle) Ijdaha Paykar which is located west to Shiraz, and
Qala(Castle) Kaka which is located 6 Kilometers to the east of the Dasht
(Plain) Eram Djadid.
Hammamhaye ( Old Bathes) Nashat and Wakeel.
The Wakeel Bazaar and the New Bazaar ( Bazaar Nou).
Madares Qadeemi ( Old Schools) Khan and Aqa Baba Khan.
Masajid ( Mosques) Ateeq, Shouhada and NAseerol-Mulk.
Boqaa (tombs) Bibi Dukhtaran, Sayed Mir Mohammed, Alaaol-Deen Husaini, Ali
ebn Hamzeh, Shuhada and Shaykh Aqtaa.
Aramghah (tomb), Hafiz, Sadi, Khoajavi Kermani, Wassaf, Shah Daai ela
Allah, Shan Shujaa
Muzaffari, Sheykh Rouzbahan, Sheykh Kabeer, Sheykh Mohammed Lahiji,
Mushreqeen, Shah Charagh, Sybaweih,Tajol-Deen Ghareeb and Chehel Tanan.
Atashkadehaye (fire places) Pasargad and Samikan.