of wealthy Khuzestan province in the southwest Iran, and bordering
on cities such as Shushtar and Dezful to the north, Ramhormoz to
the east, Shadegan, Bandar-e Mahshahr, Abadan, and Khorramshahr
to the south, Ahwaz is situated on both banks of Karun river.
Being an oil center, a transportation hub, and an industrial city
with flourishing Metallurgical, petrochemical, textile, sugar
cane, power generating, and food processing industries, it
occupies an area of. more than 200 square kilometers. It is
terribly hot and humid in spring and summer. Its population
amounts to more than 1,000,000, mainly Shi'ite Muslims.. Its
elevation from the sea level is only 18 meters. The best season
for traveling to Ahwaz and the whole Khuzestan province is from
January to late April.
an ancient city, its name appears in many inscriptions of ancient
Iran. Its original name, according to archaeological evidence is
said to have been Oxin. Achaemenians called it Avaz or Avaja.
During the Sassanian period (3rd century AD), Ahwaz was rebuilt by
Ardashir I, who named i~ Hormuzd-Ardashir. In the 4th century AD,
Ahwaz became a seat of bishopric, and a large church was built
there. However, it was renamed to Souq al-Ahwaz following the Arab
Conquest. It was an important trading center with Arab world in
the 12th and .13th centuries but later declined. During the Qajar
period a harpor was built by the order of Nasser odDin Shah (
during whose reign the town was called Nasseri) not far from the
present location of Ahwaz on the Karun river for trading purposes;
and the river was opened to foreign trade in 1888. Finally, it was
called Ahwaz and designated as the capital of Khuzestan province
during the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1924.
is a 900-km long river that rises in the Zagros mountains, west
Iran, and flows south to the Arvand (or Shatt olArab) on the Iraqi
border. Since the construction of Trans-Iranian Railway during
World War II the Karun river has been navigable up to Ahwaz for
shallow drift vessels; rapids prevent further upstream passage
except during high water in April and May. Five bridges connect
both parts of the town. Two of these bridges are A) Railway Bridge
and, locally known as Pol-e Felezi; and B) Suspension Bridge, both
built by the order of Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1932 and 1935,
respectively. The discovery of oil nearby in the early 20th
century restored the city to its former importance. The modern
part of Ahwaz, the administrative and industrial center, is on the
right bank of the Karun river, but the population is still
concentrated in the old section on the left bank. Ahwaz is linked
by road, rail, and oil pipelines to Tehran and to ports on the
Persian Gulf. During the 8-year Iraq-Iran War and the Holy Defense
against Iraqi aggression, the city served as major logistics and
resistance center. It was severely attacked and damaged by the
enemy during the war. The city has little to offer the sightseer,
and for most foreigners it is no more than a convenient staging
post for a tour of the ,region. Good 'asphalt roads radiate from
Ahwaz to all parts of the province, particularly to Abadan,
Andimeshk, Chogha Zanbil, Dezful, Khorramshahr, Shilshtar, and
ADDRESSES AND TELEPHONE NUMBERS
922 km to Tehran.
Enghelab Street 33334, 30554.
Asseman Air 446061-2. Iran Air Office, north side of Passdaran
Blvd, west of the airport road 442094-5. Mo'ayyed 222242
On the northeast edge of Ahwaz, south of Passdaran Blvd
BANKS AND EXCHANGE OFFICES:
1. Bank Mellat, Ahwaz Branch 64067.
2. Bank Melli Iran, West side of Ayatollah Montazeri Street, south
of Shohada Square 224631-3.
3. Bank Saderat Iran, Ahwaz Branch 227042.
1. Farhang 224774
2. Golestan 229741
3. Hafez 223221
4. Ja'fari 223225
5. Khayyam 223221
6. Matbooat-e Bein ol-Melali 222593
At the far west of town on Enghelab Street. Altogether 19
cooperative bus companies take passengers from Ahwaz to all other
provincial capitals and towns. Here, we give you telephone numbers
of five cooperative bus companies, for urgent contact:
1. Cooperative No 1
(Iran Payma): 71224
2. Cooperative No 2 (Pars Payma): 72242
3. Cooperative No 3: 74678
4. Cooperative No 4: 79824
5. Cooperative No 15: 79988
CITY DIALING CODE
The dialing code for
Ahwaz is 061.
DRUG STORE (24-HOUR):
1. Imam Khomeini 224174
2. Imam Sadeq 226281
The emergency clinic is opposite the Park Mellat on the west
bank of the river. Dial 118 or 335900.
1: Imam Khomeini Hospital, Montazeri Street 228068.
2. Razi, Felestin Street 235935.7.
3. Shahid Chamran (Golestan), Kuy-e Golestan 231042-5.
4. Sina, Kuy-e Abdollah 224063.
Next to the Governor's office ( Ostandari), north of Dr
Fatemi Street, northwest of Javad-e Afshari Square 335076-9.
Opposite the west corner of the Bagh-e Melli, 150 meters north
of Shohada Square 22231-3.
Road Police of Ahwaz 226488,332667. Traffic Police 330019. POST
1. The main post office: on Javad-e Afshari Square.
2. The main telephone office: Ayatollah Montazeri Street, at its
intersection with Imam Khomeini Ave 338081-4.
There are at least four daily trains to Tehran: 3 express (15.5
hours) and one regular (18.5 hours). The train station (332021- 7)
for passengers is on the west side of the river, and the line from
Ahwaz station runs in two directions: northward to Tehran via
Andimeshk, Arak, and Qum; southward to Khorramshahr.Tickets must
be purchased few hours before departure.
1. Ghoncheh Restaurant, Prad Street 513952.
2. Kenar Rud (Riverside) Restaurant, on the west bank of the
river, a pleasant 300-meter walk north of the suspension bridge,
popular on Fridays and holidays. It's quite good for sea- and
river-fish and the nearest thing to a tourist eating place in
3. Khalij Fars Restaurant, Amanieh Street 330043.
4. Khayyam Restaurant, 24-meter Street, at the east end of the
suspension bridge, where delicious fried white fish with boiled
rice is served in addition o other dishes 2222453.
5. Moqaddam Restaurant Enghelab Street 73515.
6. Pol Restaurant, Naderi Street 226279.
7. Shamshiri Restaurant, Amanieh Street 334252.
8. Taq-e Bostan Restaurant, Amanieh Street 332928.
9. Ziba Restaurant Naderi Street 214123.
.Restaurants at Oxin Hotel and Fair Grand Hotel, 442133-4 and
.Balut Fruit Ice Cream Hall, though a long trek out of the center
(and not marked in English), is very good for fruit ice cream and
.The usual sandwich bars and several good chelo kababis
around Shohada Square, the bus terminal area, and the Ahwaz
Like in Tehran, the telephone taxi is the best and the most
effective means of going around in the town.
Available in Persian and English.
Or General Department of Culture and Islamic Guidance, west of
the river, on Enghelab Street 333094.5.
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